On Australian settler racism (on its earliest foundations): Tony Ohlsson, ‘James Stephen’s doctrine of a White Australia’, Journal of the Royal Australian Historical Society, 102, 2, 2016, pp. 131-151
Abstract: In 1928 Paul Knaplund, a historian at the University of Wisconsin, published a three-page article, ‘James Stephen on a white Australia’, consisting mainly of excerpts from two minutes written by Stephen in December 1841 and September 1843, that he found in the Public Records Office (now the National Archives) in London. Stephen, as permanent undersecretary at the Colonial Office, urged the Secretary of State for War and the Colonies (hereafter the secretary of state) to ‘reserve’ Australia ‘as a place where the English race shall be spread from sea to sea unmixed with any lower caste’.
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