Exogenous labour, settler food, indigenous lands: Elise Hjalmarson, Robyn Bunn, Amy Cohen, Edna Terbasket, Levi Gahman, ‘Race, Food, and Borders: Situating Migrant Struggle in the Okanagan Valley, British Columbia’, Journal of Agriculture Food Systems, and Community Development, 5, 4, 2015
Abstract: Over the past century, the Okanagan Valley’s social, economic, and physical landscape has been largely shaped by the region’s agricultural industry. Within this landscape migrant farmworkers have an essential role, yet are rendered invisible and remain marginalized. This commentary explores migrants’ struggle by looking at the intersections of colonialism, race, borders, and the local food economy. We begin with a historical examination of the racialized nature of the region’s agricultural labor force, and also provide an overview of the local food economy. Following this, we outline Canada’s Seasonal Agricultural Worker Program (SAWP) and discuss how the SAWP places migrant laborers in positions of precarity, often resulting in worker isolation and superexploitation. We then turn to the social conditions migrant workers encounter upon arriving in the Okanagan Valley by describing the institutional discrimination they face, as well as the everyday prejudices and aggressions they endure due to their status of being labeled both “foreign” and “temporary.” Next we provide a brief explanation of settler colonialism, the imposition of borders, and the common struggles shared by migrant workers and Aboriginal people. Finally, we offer some recommendations for change that would ameliorate some of the challenges migrant workers experience upon arriving in the Okanagan.
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