Indigenous resistance is terrifying: Reyna McKinnon, ‘Indigenous Rights Policy and Terrorist Discourse: A Strategy to Stifle Mapuche Self-Determination in Chile’, Scripps Senior Theses, Paper 886, 2016
Excerpt: On 12 August 2009, as Mapuche comunero Jaime Mendoza Collio fled the scene of a land occupation, he was fatally shot in the back by Chilean police officer Miguel Patricio Jara Muñoz. Collio died when he was 24 years old. He was the third Mapuche activist to be killed by the police while fighting for indigenous rights to ancestral territory and self-determination since the 1990 transition to democracy.3 Just over one month later, on 15 September 2009, the International Labour Organisation Convention 169 went into effect in Chile, signaling the government’s official commitment to protecting indigenous rights. How can we explain the Chilean State’s decision to declare its support for indigenous rights while simultaneously deploying deadly force to combat Mapuche activists in their struggle for these same rights?
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