German settlers in Brazil; Germanness, Brazilianness, freedom, unfreedom: Eugene S. Cassidy, ‘The Ambivalence of Slavery, The Certainty of Germanness: Representations of Slave-Holding and Its Impact Among German Settlers in Brazil, 1820–1889’, German History, 33, 3, 2015, pp. 367-384
Abstract: While there is a growing interest regarding Brazil’s connection to the development of German nationalism, the topic of how Germans in Europe and Brazil related to slavery there remains mainly unexplored. This is startling, considering that Brazil was both the second-largest recipient of German immigrants and the largest slave-holding society in the world. This article examines how claims regarding German settlers’ relationship with Brazilian slavery were central in constructing the image of the German abroad as industrious and civilizing.
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