On the need for settler homogeneity: Phil Griffiths, ‘The “Necessity” of a Socially Homogeneous Population: The Ruling Class Embraces Racial Exclusion’, Labour History, 108, 2015, pp. 123-144
Abstract: In 1888, the colonial governments of Australia came together to agree on a policy of racial exclusion — aimed at preventing Chinese immigration. This article argues that key figures in the colonial ruling class feared the development of a racially divided population and shows them drawing on the mainstream liberal theory of anti-slavery, and John Stuart Mill’s theory that representative government required social homogeneity, to construct and legitimise their position. While anti-slavery has long passed as a major element in public policy, Mill’s argument for homogeneity shaped Australian justifications for White Australia through much of the twentieth century and, arguably, still informs elements of contemporary immigration policy.
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